Although bonsai trees require constant care, feeding, maintenance and care to remain in good condition, they do not require a gardening diploma to successfully grow bonsai. If you tend to do it right, your bonsai can survive. There are basic gardening tasks, such as watering and cutting a tree. If given, he will survive. However, there is a favorable warning: if you can do the same basic gardening tasks with a professional focus, you will create a completely different reaction to the bonsai. Here are some important concepts you need to understand on How to Growing Bonsai Trees
Consider the area and environment in which you live
When choosing a bonsai tree for growth, it is important to consider the climate of the area in which you live, as well as the home environment in which you plan to grow your tree. There are many species of trees and each of them has its own specific needs must be able to grow properly. If you plan to grow bonsai in front of your home in the garden or on the veranda, you can choose species of deciduous trees, such as crab, Japanese elm, magnolia or oak. If you intend to have a bonsai indoors (or if you live in a warm climate), jade, olives and roses are a good choice. If you prefer conifers, cedars, juniors, pines, and spruce, make the perfect choices. There are two types of bonsai, namely tropical and moderate. Tropical bonsai trees always are heat resistant and cannot be adapted to frost, so they must be protected from the cold. These include trees such as Bougainvillea, Ficus and Serissa. On the other hand, moderate trees can survive at lower temperatures, but still need frost protection. These include trees such as junipers and maple trees.
If you are interested in growing bonsai trees, the first thing you need will be seeds. The bonsai does not require special seeds. Normal seeds would. Bonsai tree is ordinary, only lower in height! When choosing seeds, you need to consider the environment and climate. Some trees require less than zero in winter, and others are more suitable for high temperatures.There are several species that are relatively easy to grow, such as maple and teal. However, it would be easiest to buy a young tree and then take care of it. To do this, you should go to the nursery and look for the plant you like. A good hint is the color of the leaves, which will give you an idea about the health of the plant. In addition, you must first decide on the size of the tree. After selecting the seeds, soak them in water for 24 hours. Then, to start the process called cold layering, place the seeds in a damp towel, place in a plastic bag and refrigerate for one week. This is done to simulate winter conditions.
The best soil for bonsai trees is pure peat. You can also use a mixture that has 1/5 clay, 2/5 peat sphagnum and 2/5 granite. You can even use the usual potting mix, but the recommended mixture is a bonsai soil mixture, which drains longer and contains less fertilizer. After choosing the soil mixture, use a thin layer of sand or gravel to cover the bottom of the pot. This helps drainage. Then place the soil in the pot and make sure it covers about two-thirds of the pot. Gently press the soil with your hand and spread the seeds on it. For very small seeds, they should not be covered with more soil, but for larger seeds, they should be covered with a thin layer of soil, which is about twice as large as the seeds. Again, lightly touch the ground.
Watering the plant
One of the most important points in caring for a bonsai is to provide the right amount of water. Water is needed for the growth of each plant and even more so for bonsai trees that grow in small pots with limited soil. Most bonsai trees that die due to lack of water or low humidity. They grow because the water is absorbed from the compost into the roots, and then the nutrients are distributed throughout the tree. If no water is given, for these important processes to take place, the tree will die.
There are many factors that determine how much water a bonsai tree needs:
1. Some species will require more water than others
2. Different soils dry at different speeds
3. Small vessels can dry faster than larger vessels, and from what is done the vessel will also affect the drying rate
4.Plants whose fully mature roots will absorb more water than younger trees with smaller roots.
Watering is usually needed once or twice a day, in summer and maybe every three to four days in winter. Although it may be rain, do not assume that it will be sufficient for the tree, as it may only wet the soil surface. Again, you should check each plant, testing the soil about a centimeter below the surface; you can use a water meter to help you, or just stick your finger in the ground.
Morning is the best time of the day to water the bonsai so that it is ready for the heat of the day. Not only do you water the soil, but soak it well, so that the entire container is moist and there are no dry places where the roots could die. In Japan, they often water all the trees, then return to the beginning and water them again to make sure the work is done correctly. Allow the water to drain from the bottom of the pot and you may need to hold it slightly so that everything flows down.
Gentle watering is required; if you use a regular garden hose, the water flow may be too strong and the soil will be washed. If you want to use a hose, you should adjust it so that it is sprayed with a fine mist, otherwise use a watering can with a fine rosette. However, excessive watering can affect the bonsai tree; the effects will not be immediate, but it may take some time for disclosure.
All bonsai trees and shrubs require nutrient growth. Their essential nutrients are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. They are often referred to as N-P-K. Nitrogen ensures strong growth and leaves; phosphorus promotes root growth, and flowers and fruits depend on potassium. There are other basic plant nutrients that are necessary for a healthy and full plant life. These are calcium and magnesium, which usually occur naturally in the soil.
If the soil of the bonsai tree is nutrient deficient, it may be added as fertilizer. The nutrients most often lacking in most soils are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, so most fertilizers are designed to replace these three elements. The fertilizer usually contains trace elements such as magnesium, iron, boron, copper, and zinc, which are not needed in large quantities, but are necessary for healthy plant growth.
Fertilizer is usually available in two types; organic (derived from natural sources such as plants or animals) or inorganic (on a chemical basis). Both types are effective and are widely used by bonsai growers. It is important to use the fertilizer carefully to make sure that your bonsai receives nutrients in the right amounts, because the abuse can damage the plant. Proper use can make the difference between a healthy tree and a sick one.
combating pests and diseases
To ensure the survival and beauty of bonsai, you must protect it from pests, diseases, and harmful disorders. This practice requires constant control and vigilance, as pest problems can occur at any time. Being able to properly manage pests and diseases is an important part of bonsai gardening. The key to success in combating these common problems is the ability to recognize the symptoms of a pest, disease or disorder and to use the right medicine.
pruning bonsai tree
When it comes to cutting a Bonsai tree, there are several factors to consider before providing a miniature tree for a quick haircut. Maybe one day the most important thing you should consider is investing in a sharp pair of pruning shears or gardening shears. It is extremely important to make clean cuts when cutting or shaping a Bonsai tree to avoid possible diseases or infections. If your Bonsai tree becomes too large, you can stop its growth by cutting or squeezing the tip. This will not only cause your Bonsai to grow vertically, but will also complement it.
When cutting branches, always darken the buds. In this way, any new branches will go in the same direction as the buds. This is crucial when sculpting a bonsai in a specific shape or pattern. It is also crucial especially when considering bonsai tree root pruning. this practise should be done regularly so as to maintain the tree in good shape and also facilitate easier routine management Now take a step back and see what your tree looks like. Look at it from different parts to see all its branches. Try to decide which branches should go to help the tree grow to its desired shape. Again, try to cut as little as possible. After cutting, it will take time for your tree to rest and recover. Give at least a few days. A week or two, if you can. Then go back and try again.
It is also very important to consider root cutting. This should be done every few years, and the general rule would be to cut about a third of the root before re-flooding. To do this, of course, you need to reveal the roots of the Bonsai tree, and the ice cream stick will make this job a little easier and less unpleasant when you tear your roots off the ground. It is worth noting that you do not make a higher or lower bonsai tree. Remember that the root system is the life element of your Bonsai tree. So, if you prune the roots and not the branches, your tree may not be able to get enough nutrients to stay healthy. Therefore, it is a good idea to prune both the roots and the branches.
Bonsai can be developed from materials obtained from a local garden center or from suitable materials. From wild or urban landscapes. In some areas there is plant material known for its usefulness. Harvested trees are very much appreciated and often demonstrate age characteristics during the first harvest in nature. You must be especially careful during harvesting, as it is very easy to damage the (often irreversible) root system by digging a tree. Potential material should be carefully examined to see if it can be safely removed. Trees with shallow or partially exposed root systems are ideal candidates for harvesting. Removing trees is a legal aspect, so enthusiasts should take all necessary steps to get the owner’s consent before harvesting. Otherwise, consider the right plant to stay alone.
Some trees require protection from the elements in winter, and the techniques used will depend on how well the tree is adapted to the climate. In winter, moderate species may fall asleep, but watch out for deciduous plants to prevent them from breaking out too soon. Cold frames, unheated garages, porch and the like are commonly used on the ground or by mulching plants in a container to the depth of the first branch or burying them with a root system below the freeze line.
The secret to successfully growing bonsai trees is to provide the right combination of water, light, air, and nutrients, which are its four key ingredients and properly address common pest issues. Understanding how each of these key ingredients works and how to provide what is needed when needed is another important point. Success in growing bonsai does not depend on a single element, but on the right combination of all. Required. Different bonsai species have different needs and preferences, such as soil type and amount of water, sunlight and nutrients that work best for them. Here you have a look at the basics of growing bonsai trees. The rest will be clarified, if necessary, in a timely manner, by experience and further study by you, the master of the bonsai, during the training.