Peas are an excellent addition to your garden and are very easy to grow. There are many varieties lot of peas, so take the time and study the ones you can grow in your garden. Peas need a lot of suns, so make sure your peas will have a lot of sun during the day. They can tolerate a little shade, but most of the day, the sun should shine on them. Here are the best tips on how to grow peas in the garden.
First of all, plant early for a good crop. Pea seeds and young plants can withstand severe frost, although mature plants do not. That way, you can plant peas whenever possible. A test is to hold one hand off the ground and bend it into a ball like a snowball. If it breaks after pinching, the soil is ready for the peas. If he stays in football, it is still wet. If the soil is prepared to fall, the pea is so strong that it can be placed on the ground and covered with peat moss to a depth of about a centimeter, but to be honest, the gain in time is probably only one The day will be a day or two, instead of waiting for the crash test to work.
Second, make sure the soil is ready for the planting peas. It must be ready to work, as the crushing test shows. Dig it to get rid of the stones and work in compost or peat. Peas do not require too much nitrogen, as they will collect it for you, like the rest of the legume family, so chemical fertilizer is usually not a good idea. They prefer cool roots, and wet soil can cause rot so that good organic soil can work wonders.
Thirdly heavy planting is required. The production of peas per plant is low, so you need a lot. They will require a lot of space so that the rows are at least six inches wide and are placed at a distance of about one centimeter in each direction. It is a good idea to put such a line on either side of the fence so that it can climb. Some people plant in rows twenty feet wide and stand in the middle only to gather.
The fourth is to give space to climb. Nowadays, much work has been done to grow early peas that grow on small vines. They often develop because they spread rather than climbing them other than themselves. This can work if you have extensive lines, but otherwise, the performance in the factory will be reduced. They are forced to climb peas and display their mustaches. Once they put up a fence for them or they climb up elsewhere, they go up on their own. High-altitude plants will have many bales of leaves in which the pods appear, and the peas grow.
Fifth, varieties must be selected to spread the crop. Some peas come at the beginning, middle and end of the season to spread the sensations of taste. The latest peas taste the best. Keep them well hydrated, and they will remain calm and productive.
Remembering that they are nitrogen-fixing agents, the soil they cultivate this year will prosper for years to come, and make vine manure a truly prosperous place.
Choosing the right seed
It is also essential to pick the best seeds for germination. It should be fresh, preferably from the farmers market. Most people use dried seeds for this process. Dried seeds are good, but you need to take some steps to see if they can germinate and give healthy germs. nowadays types of peas that you can grow are available in different varieties, and the best thing you should do is to choose the taste of peas. choosing the right variety of peas should primarily determined oby it taste. Also, you should consider whether you have enough soil on your pea property.
Peas grow well in nitrogen-rich soil, which is commonly in many parts of the world where peas are consumed. If you are not sure that your soil is rich in nitrogen to process peas, you can buy plenty of nitrogen grains to fertilize the soil well for pea growth.
Location for planting
Pea plants prefer a cool climate, so be careful when choosing the right place to grow them. Care must be taken to select an ideal location not directly exposed to the sun, but partially hidden by trees or hedges. These peas should be guaranteed to grow, and when the climate is warm, shade from the leaves of the trees. The ideal location for growing peas is the open southern slope. If this is not possible, planting should be done in a sunny place in the garden. The pH of the soil can be 6.0–6.8. There should be adequate drainage in the ground, without which plants will not survive.
Tips for preparing pea seeds for planting
When you have pea seeds and are ready for planting, you need to prepare two more things. Ensure you have a trellis or other support in your garden as peas like to climb. The soil should be prepared by turning and removing any weeds or dirt from winter. Sprinkle it with water so that it is ready to go.
The night before sowing pea seeds, remove the bowl and fill it with water. Open the bag of seeds and empty it in a bowl. Leave them overnight to soften the hard outer cover and promote seed germination. When the pea sprouts, it sends a delicate shot from the shells. Initially, the problem with pea shells is that the outer covering is sometimes so rigid that the shoots cannot bud. Soaking the seeds overnight makes the seedling quicker.
There is no need to sow the peas deeper. The best way is to use your index finger and pierce half with your finger. Throw a pea in each hole and cover it with soil. You should see how transplanting looks in 10–14 days. Before placing the seeds, add compost to the soil. Do not add nitrogen fertilizers, as plants will extract nitrogen from the atmosphere. If the soil is tough to dig, then planting on raised beds is the best solution.
Seeds should be added to the soil one month after the last frost. New plants are also available, but they are not necessary because pea seeds have higher germination rates. You can start planting seeds immediately after the last frost of the season. When you are ready to sow the seeds, dig a shallow hole 1 inch deep, and insert the seeds. Spread the seeds 3 inches and about 18 inches apart. Separate the peas about 1 1/2 “deep and 8 inches apart in separate rows. For best results, sprinkle the seeds with a garden inoculant. The inoculant contains particular bacteria that are not always present in the soil. These bacteria help to form lumps on the pea roots, which allows the plant to make its nitrogen.
The seeds should be planted one inch deep-toned into the soil, about 4 inches apart. Some assistance should be provided for peas. No matter how small varieties of peas can be sown, the grape grows. Support should be used to service and manage growing vines. To get a good yield, a heat-resistant variety should be sown a few weeks before the first planting. It is beneficial to plant a second variety two months before the first frost.
Watering is essential for peas during flowering and ripening. Always keep the soil moist and try not to wet the leaves and flowers. This can cause a problem for two reasons: pollination and the risk of disease due to moisture — weekly watering with proper deep watering. The peas plant needs a little moisture, and mulching the rows is a great way to retain moisture and stop weeds. Check the soil from time to time to make sure that it is not dry and, if so, water it if necessary since peas are susceptible to fungal diseases, water the plants only at soil level so that the leaves are not wet.
The way the water is installed is just as important as the amount of water used. Although watering may seem useful, it merely wastes water and reflects it off the plant. Also, moist leaves contribute to the development of diseases. Always water the plants near the place where they are most in need – the roots. This means that it must be watered directly into the soil at the base of the plant. However, do it slowly, as fast watering tends to set roots. Also, the water used should be at room temperature. Too cold or too hot water can affect absorption and even damage the root system.
When the plants reach a height of 6-8 inches, sprinkle a little 5-10-10 fertilizer on both sides of each row, from about 5 ounces to 10 meters in a row. To avoid burning fertilizer, try not to spill fertilizer on the leaves.
When the peas begin to grow, he will need support. Use bamboo shoots, netting, or netting to support the plants. Place adhesives next to the plants so that their mustache has the opportunity to remove the staple.
Pea is a natural climber, so it is necessary to use a support system, for example, geese, fences, or trellises. If you do not use support, your peas probably will not produce most of the crop. Many people make the error of using a trellised fence to support their pea plants, but often a young mustache can be difficult to grab, and if you are not careful, you can hinder the growth of your plants, which will result in low profitability. Pest and Disease control
Pea plants can be infected with various pests and diseases, such as powdery mildew, fusarium wilt, and root rot. Buying disease-resistant varieties are the best method of prevention. Planting earlier to grow in cold weather is another way of protection, given the climate. Other pests include
Slugs and snails. An excellent way to scare away these creatures is to surround the peas with coffee grounds. Instead, you can use chopped eggshells, sawdust, or similar dry material. Diatomaceous soil is highly recommended by many organic gardeners, and copper wire along the edges of the growing zone is an effective barrier. I advise you to use salt, as this will damage the structure of the soil and limit or prevent growth.
• Birds. Tie old clothes or hooks to scare away birds; tie the black sewing thread to the small columns and stretch it along the rows – they say that it confuses the birds. It may also be helpful to leave a container of freshwater nearby. Remember that birds help remove pests, such as snails, from your garden, so this does not scare them away.
The best time to harvest peas is after three weeks, the first flower appears. Remember that the more peas you choose, the more it will grow. When harvesting, pick from the bottom of the plant upwards. Regular harvesting is necessary for genuinely fresh peas. After harvesting, do not remove the plant, but cut the growth at the roots and leave them inside, because they are full of bacteria that fix nitrogen, and will benefit from the plants you grow, such as cabbage. The period will be variable for different varieties. Inoculants can be used on peas to produce nitrogen by applying peas to inoculants. You can buy them in nurseries. However, this is not necessary if the garden has been planted before. If you are planting larger peas, you should expect more giant peas that will require maintenance treatment.
Proper selection of pea seeds, preparation, proper planting, and little care should provide an abundant harvest of delicious peas. The necessary work takes a short time, but, in particular, watering should be done if necessary. Peas grown with insufficient water are strong, dry, and have an unpleasant taste: do not let this happen when it is so easy to have a fresh and sweet taste.